Comparison of Protein and Steroid Hormones with Examples


The endocrine glands in your body release different kinds of hormones. The hormones are liable to perform certain functions that help you to stay healthy. This endocrine gland impacts the metabolic function of the cells amongst humans with the help of these hormones. These hormones act as messengers and communicate with the different parts of the body.

The hormones can be chemically divided into two categories:-

  • Steroids – Steroid and non-steroid hormones
  • Amino Acids


The steroids are potent to trigger the functioning of several hormones for impactful results including the hormone testosterone.


The features of steroids are mentioned as below:-

  • Their base is of cholesterol
  • They are soluble in water
  • They need proteins to get transferred to different parts of the body
  • Movement on their own is impossible
  • They include:-
    • Testosterone
    • Progesterone
    • Estradiol
    • Glucocorticoids

The non-steroid hormones are simple. Their features are:-

  • They are formed through proteins
  • Are soluble in water
  • Get transported through blood, they need no big support for movement
  • They include
    • Insulin
    • Glucagon
    • Prostaglandins


It is a known fact that the steroid hormones, be it the synthetic version or natural version take some time to show the results. The outcome duration will depend on the reasons for which they are consumed. The protein hormones are quicker in terms of giving the results. They diffuse easily with the help of the blood and they attach themselves to the cell receptors.

The steroid hormone when blended with thyroid hormone supports the functioning of almost each and every body system. The pros are:-

  • It generates energy
  • Keeps the oxygen in cells under control
  • Act as moderator for many functions amongst men and women both
  • The blend keeps the functioning of heart and lungs regulated

The body parts that contain the maximum of thyroid hormones are:-

  • Liver
  • Muscles
  • Kidneys

Decrease in testosterone levels

The symptoms that cause the lowering of the levels of testosterone amongst men are:-

  • Reduced sex drive
  • Improper erection
  • Mood swings
  • Increased fatigue
  • Inability to focus
  • Reduction in muscle mass
  • Unusual weight gain
  • Reduced body hair

The side effects caused by the use of steroids are different amongst dissimilar age groups, men following different lifestyle and their existing health conditions.


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